Citing your Sources in MLA Style

Citing your Sources in MLA Style

Your bibliography is alphabetized by writer final name. For works which do not need a writer, alphabetize by product name (omitting articles like “a” or “the”). Your bibliography must also wix basic store plan be formatted using Hanging Indents.

Book or Report

The Bible. Authorized King James Variation, Oxford UP, 1998.

Dorris, Michael, and Louise Erdrich. The Crown of Columbus. HarperCollins Publishers, 1999.

Fagih, Ahmed Ibrahim al-. The Singing of the Stars. Translated by Leila El Khalidi and Christopher Tingley. Quick Arabic has: An Anthology, modified by Salma Khadra Jayyusi, Interlink Books, 2003, pp. 140-57.

Johnson, Roberta. Gender and Nation into the Spanish Modernist Novel. Vanderbilt UP, 2003.

Chapter in A guide

Copeland, Edward. “Money.” The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, Edited by Copeland and Juliet McMaster, Cambridge UP, 1997, pp. 131-48.

Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Masque of this Red Death.” The whole Works of Edgar Allan Poe, modified by James A. Harrison, vol. 4, Thomas Y. Crowell, 1902, pp. 250-58. HathiTrust Digital Library, >

Journal Article

Piper, Andrew. “Rethinking the Print Object: Goethe and the Book of Everything.” PMLA, vol. 121, no. 1, Jan. 2006, pp. 124-38. JSTOR,

Newspaper Articles

Dwyer, Jim. “Yeats matches the Digital Age, saturated in Passionate Intensity.” Nyc days, very very early ed., Arts and Leisure sec., 20 July 2008, pp. 1+.

Book Reviews

Mackin, Joseph. Overview of The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction, by Alan Jacomb. Nyc Journal of Books, 2 2011, 222 june.

Magazine Articles

Weintraub, Arlene, and Laura Cohen. “A Thousand-Year Plan for Nuclear Spend.” Company Week, 6 might 2002, pp. 94-96.

Observe that in this example, the optional original date of publication is roofed, also a few individuals in one Other Contributors category. That person could possibly be placed in the writer position, like therefore: “Capra, Frank, manager. if you were studying somebody from the work”

It’s a life that is wonderful. 1946. Directed by Frank Capra, Efficiency by James Stewart et that is al, 2001.

Television Episodes

Whether you decide to place the episode manager into the author place or otherwise perhaps not depends upon the show as well as your utilization of the show in your writing. If the show features episodes with distinct tale lines or dramatic styles, the manager for every episode can take in authorial value, otherwise the creator or director associated with series as a whole could be put into the author place. If no body takes authorial importance for your work, spot the title of the episode in the first place.

Bernstein, Adam manager. “Hazard Pay.” Breaking Bad, season 5, episode 3, High Bridge Productions et al., 29 Jul 2012.

“Hush.” Buffy the Vampire Slayer, developed by Joss Whedon, performance by Sarah Michelle Geller, season 4, episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.

federal Government papers ( see the design manual at web page 104)

Cite them like publications, book chapters, webpages, etc, based on if the item you might be citing is just a solitary thing (book/report), a percentage of the bigger thing (book chapter), or web-based thing (website pages). Often you will see certain people known as as writers, however whenever it is not the truth, make use of the name for the institution or agency accountable for book.

Begin the entry with all the title associated with federal government, followed by way of a comma while the title associated with agency. By the end of this entry for the publication that is congressional you could optionally are the number and session of Congress, plus they type and number of the book. (The MLA Handbook especially recommends following the Chicago Manual of Style if you utilize numerous federal government magazines and require specialized citation guidance.)

The uk, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Food. Our Countryside, the near future: A Fair Contract for Rural England. Her Majesty’s Stationery Workplace, 2000.

Un. Effects of Rapid Population Development in Developing Nations. Taylor and Francis, 1991.

United states of america, Congress, Home, Permanent Choose Committee on Intelligence. Al-Qaeda: The Countless Faces of a Islamist Extremist Threat. Government Printing Workplace, 2006. 109th Congress, second session, home Report 615.

Personal Interviews

Record the individual (last name first), followed closely by “Personal Interview” then the date associated with the interview

Smith, Jane. Individual meeting. 19 May 2014.

Interview or sound Commentary for a DVD

Keep in mind that in the first instance the name is in quote markings because that’s the title the writer offered it. Within the 2nd and 3rd examples the meeting had no provided title, so we present a short description without quotation markings instead.

Blanchett, Cate. “In Character with: Cate Blanchett.” Records for a Scandal, Directed by Richard Eyre, Fox Searchlight, 2006.

Olivier, Laurence. Interview by Kenneth Tynan. Richard III, Directed by Laurence Olivier, 2004, The Criterion Collection,

Verbinski, Gore and Johnny Depp. Sound Commentary. Pirates associated with Caribbean: The Curse associated with the Ebony Pearl, Buena Vista entertainment, 2004.

Real Time Performances

Aristophanes. Directed by Barbara Karger and Michael Preston, 20 2006, Goodwin Theater, Austin Arts Center, Hartford april.

Image or Artwork

If you notice first hand, the positioning may be the physical precise location of the work. If you see a reproduction, proceed with the standard guidelines for Containers.

In the event your image does not have any title, offer a brief description associated with the product into the name location. Usually do not consist of quotation markings or italicize this description.

DaVinci, Leonardo. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Louvre Museum, Paris.

DaVinci, Leonado. Mona Lisa. 1503?, Wikipedia,,_by_Leonardo_da_Vinci,_from_C2RMF_retouched.jpg.

Image of pet. 2016,

Work in a set

Clowes, Daniel. David Boring. Eightball, no. 19, Fantagraphics, 1998.

Twitter, Twitter, YouTube, etc

Each entry that is bibliographic MLA style was created for a passing fancy maxims, with very little variation from publication type to book kind.

Each cited work has common elements listed within the order that is following the punctuation listed on this chart. Functions might be posted as solitary devices, but most take place in “Containers” (like an essay or poem in a written guide, or a bout of a television show, or articles in a newsprint). If information about a feature is not available, miss the element and relocate towards the following.

Check out of good use examples:

Utilising the Fundamental Elements

Writers are understood really broadly. If you should be concentrating on the job of a specific actor in a movie, that actor could be the Author, and you add a descriptive label like therefore: Pitt, Brad, performer. For those who have 3 or maybe more authors, list the initial writer accompanied by “et al.”

Titles of sources are italicized in the event that supply is a thing that is complete itself (a book, play, or movie). Titles are enclosed in quote marks if the source is part of a bigger posted thing (a poem in a group, an episode of a television show, an article in a log). As a result, the name of a container ’s almost always italicized. If you have no name, include a description that is brief of work but don’t make use of italics or quote markings.

Other Contributors are noted if they’re crucial that you your projects. Precede each title or group of names having a description such as “adapted by” or “edited by.” In the event that individuals role must take noun kind, do this followed closely by way of a comma as in “general editor, Edwin H. Cady.” In the event that factor was important to the foundation although not the container, place this factor information between the Title associated with Source therefore the Title regarding the Container.

Variations are now and again essential, such as “8th ed” with this form associated with the MLA Handbook.

Numbers relate to volume and issue numbers on books and periodicals. Utilize “vol.” and “no.” for “volume” and “number.”

Publisher relates to the company that made the source/container available to people. Host to book isn’t any longer detailed as of the 8th version, except in unique circumstances (see page 51). Numerous writers that are similarly responsible are detailed, divided with a slash that is forward. “University Press” is abbreviated to “UP.” Publishers are perhaps maybe not detailed for the following types of sources:

  • periodicals (journals, magazines, magazines)
  • Works published by their authors or editors
  • Sites which have games basically the identical to their writers’ names
  • Sites maybe perhaps not involved with producing the works it generates available ( such as for example a solution like, or an archive like JSTOR). In the event that articles associated with the site are organized as an unified entire ( as with YouTube or JSTOR), the website is detailed early in the day being a Container title.

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